Athens is the historical capital of Europe, with a long history, dating from the first settlement in the Neolithic age. In the 5th Century BC (the “Golden Age of Pericles”) – the culmination of Athens’ long, fascinating history – the city’s values and civilization acquired a universal significance. Over the years, a multitude of conquerors occupied Athens, and erected unique, splendid monuments – a rare historical palimpsest. In 1834, it became the capital of the modern Greek state and in two centuries since it has become an attractive modern metropolis with unrivalled charm.
A large part of the town’s historic centre has been converted into a 3-kilometre pedestrian zone (the largest in Europe), leading to the major archaeological sites (“archaeological park”), reconstructing – to a large degree – the ancient landscape.
Most seeing sights:
Plaka used to be called by the Greeks the neighbourhood of the gods, today Plaka is one of the mainattractions for the tourists, restaurants, cafes, souvenir shops all can be find here. Anafiotica is a must see area just over Plaka and under Acropolis to the east.
Anafiotika is like a small island within Athens, builders from the small island of Anafi build their traditional white washed houses in the tiny winding streets and steps of this area when they were building the royal Palace.
Today the Palace is the Greek Parliament and rights on its front is the Parliament square or Plateia Syntagmatos in Greek, the most central place of Athens.
Next to the Parliament is the National Gardens and the Zapeion exhibition hall. Not far opposite Zapeion are the Temple of Olympian Zeus and the Hadrian arch.
The Panathinaikon stadium where the first Olympic Games took place located a few minutes’ walk through theNational Gardens or through Zapeion.
There are numerous beaches in Athens and in the peninsula of Attica. All of the beaches of Athens are well organised.Most popular are the beaches in Vouliagmeni, Varkiza, Kavouri, Glyfada. Alimosis the nearest to the centre of Athens. All of those beaches are in the coastline of the south suburbs of Athens and you can get there by tram (until Voula)or by bus. On the east coast of Attica there are many sea resorts very popular among the Athenians with nice beaches, to name a few, Marathon, Rafina, NeaMakri, Agios Andreas, Porto Rafti, Loutsa and Sounio at the southernmost peakof Attica.
Athens is a paradise for shopping; all kind of shops are to be found in the most famous shopping areasof Athens the Ermou Street, Aiolou Street and in the area of Kolonaki. Forbooks and music instruments the Solonos and Academias Street. Many shops are on the two main streets that heading to the Parliament square Panepistimiou andStadiou. But the most famous market place for the tourist is Monastiraki andthe flea market. Worth of a visit is the Athens market at Athinas street and the small shops at Evrypidou Street.
Due to its southerly location,Athens enjoys a lot of Sunshine. The most pleasant months to visit are betweenMarch and May. Once June arrives it gets considerably hotter, while temperatures soar in July and August. September and October are also good months for visiting, although September can be a showery month. Winters are mild.
By plane: Athens International Airport is situated 27 km north of the city centre . To get to the city there are two options – take the metro which costs €6 and takes 40 minutes or take bus X 95 which takes between 40-60 minutes and costs €3.20.
By train: All long-distance trains going to Athens terminate at Larissa Station which is on the Metro
Line 2 (red).
By bus: If you are travelling to Athens by bus you will arrive at Terminal A, Kifissou 100, or Terminal
B, Liossion 260.