Barcelona (Catalonia) – Catalonia lies in the north eastern place of the Iberian Peninsula and occupies six per cent of Spain. Barcelona, its capital, lies almost exactly halfway along its coastline, which in turn stretches a quarter of the way down Spain’s Mediterranean seaboard. Barcelona is the foremost bridging point to the Catalan-speaking Balearic Islands. HistoryCatalonia has an outstanding assortment of medieval buildings constructed between the 11th and 13th centuries in a distinctive local Romanesque style. There are more than 2,000 examples, most of them churches. Those in the Pyrenees, which have chiefly escaped both assault and modernization, have survived particularly well. Churches had lofty bell towers, barrel-vaulted naves, rounded arches and imaginative sculpture, as well as remarkable wall paintings.
Some frescoes and furniture have come to rest in the museu nacional d’art de catalunya in Barcelona, which has the largest Romanesque collection in the world.Barcelona, a Spanish city that is both modern and ancient and everything in between at the same time is one of the most loved tourist destinations on the planet. Barcelona receives visits from several million guests every year, and the balmy climate and top quality Barcelona City activities ensure that they’ll continue to return for many years to come.Barcelona is one of the most loved tourist destinations on the planet.
City Barcelona is the capital of the autonomous region of catalonia, the most northeasterly corner of spain, bordering france. The region is separated into four provinces, named after their provincial capitals: Barcelona, girona, lleida and tarragona. Situated between the mountains and the sea, which still play an integral part in city life, Barcelona is a uncommon city, a patchwork of distinctive districts telling the story of its growth from a medieval core to the 19th-century expansion and today’s ultra-modern showpieces. The three main sightseeing areas described in this guide illustrate this startling diversity. The hill of montjuïc, abutting the sea, forms the southwestern end of an arc of steep hills that almost completely enfolds the city. It is a district of monumental buildings and open spaces. The old town has an excellent gothic heart with a multitude of narrow streets twisting among ancient houses. The densely populated example, in contrast, is a district of immensely long, straight streets and superb modernista architecture.
Geography Barcelona is one of the great Mediterranean cities. Few places are so aromatic with history, few so boldly modern. Animated and inspired, it is a city that glitter as much at night-time as in the full light of day. It is famous for its main avenue, la rambla, for its bars, its museums and its enthusiasm for life. The city of Barcelona lies between two rivers, the llobregat and the besòs, and is backed by the collserola hills which rise to a 512-m (1,680-ft) peak at the tibidabo amusement park. The city grew up as the industrial sweatshop of Spain, though the shunting yards and seaside warehouses have now gone. Around four million people live in Barcelona and its suburbs – about half the population of Catalonia. It is Spain’s second city after its old rival, Madrid.
Legislature The region’s parliament is located in the Parc de la Ciutadella. The city of Barcelona has a separate administration, and its town hall, the Casa de la Ciutat, faces the Generalitat across the Plaça de Sant Jaume. Catalonia is developing its own police force, which has now taken over from Spain’s national police in most of Catalonia. Barcelona’s most famous group of modernista buildings illustrates the extensive range of styles used by the movement’s architects, They lie in an area known as the mansana de la Discordia(block of discord), after the startling visual argument between them.
In Picture -View of Barcelona seem from Mont Juic,those tower over there are the towers of Plaza de Espana,.and the one at the bottom is the big fountain.