Florence has many impressive sights and attractions , one of the most popular travel cities in Italy . A Renaissance city in the heart of Tuscany, Florence has some of Italy’s best museums, beautiful cathedrals and churches, and interesting streets and squares with elegant buildings and shops.
Florence is the crib of the renaissance, the city of Michelangelo’s David and Botticelli’s birth of Venus. It was here that the Italian language was formalized and its literature born under the great poet Dante. Here enlightened Medici princes ruled: Lorenzo the magnificent encouraged a teenage Michelangelo to pick up a hammer and chisel, and cosimo ii protected Galileo from the inquisition. If you feel overloaded with art, explore Dante’s medieval neighborhood or the oltrarno artisan and antiques quarter across the river; stroll around the Boboli gardens, or venture to hilltop Fiesole .
Florence’s spiritual heart: Giotto’s lithe bell tower, the Baptistry’s Gates of Paradise and Byzantine mosaics, and the Duomo museum’s Michelangelo and Donatello sculptures – all lorded over by Brunelleschi’s dome, a miracle of Renaissance engineering and architecture.
Florence’s sculpture gallery, installed in a medieval town hall and prison, contains early Michelangelo’s, Mannerist Giambologna’s gravity-defying Flying Mercury (1564) and the city’s best Donatello collection, including David’s in marble and bronze.
Sienna offers the sunny disposition of a Gothic brick-built hill town to contrast with Florence’s stately renaissance marble. As a thriving medieval merchant and textile town, Sienna produced a colorful, courtly Gothic school of painting as well as a building boom, but it all came to a crashing halt when the black death of 1348 decimated the population. Florence would forever dominate the Tuscan scene thereafter, but luckily for visitors this means that, aside from a few baroque church facades, second-fiddle Sienna didn’t have the funds to overhaul its middle ages look. The lush hills and wide Arno valley spreading out from Florence are overlooked by most travelers making a beeline for Sienna and Pisa. Skip the main roads and discover the spots known only to cognoscenti and locals. There’s no lovelier route to Sienna than the 222 chianti giana through the famed terracotta centre impruneta to the castle-topped, vine-clad hills of the Chianti wine region.
Just off the road to Pisa, the towns of Prato and Pistoia would be better known for their rich heritages of Romanesque architecture and renaissance art were they not overshadowed by their mighty neighbors. Villas built by the Medici dot the countryside northwest of town. The coastal northwest corner of Tuscany is a land of craggy mountains, wide plains and beautiful Romanesque architecture. Proud, independent Lucca, with its bicycling grandmothers and exquisite renaissance sculpture, managed to stay a Medici-free republic until napoleon came along.Florence has many impressive sights and attractions , one of the most popular travel cities in Italy . A Renaissance city in the heart of Tuscany
Lively University City Pisa retains the cultural heritage from the 11th–13th centuries, when its navy ruled the western Mediterranean. Brash upstart Livorno has grown in leaps and bounds since the 16th century to become a major port. The three cities still nurse bitter rivalries. Though Florence had already subjugated Pisa in the 16th century, Pisa’s silty harbora and unsure loyalties prompted Grand Duke Cosimo I to hire Buontalenti to build him a brand-new port from scratch.